The country's top disease experts have warned that monkeypox will likely fill the void left by smallpox three years ago, it seems.  Pictured: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

British scientists have warned that monkeypox may fill the void left by smallpox three years ago

Some of the country’s top disease experts have warned that monkeypox will fill the void left by smallpox three years ago, it seems.

Scientists from leading institutions including the University of Cambridge and the London School of Tropical Hygiene and Medicine have argued that viral disease would evolve to fill the ‘niche’ left by the disease after the eradication of smallpox.

It comes after a baby in hospital emerged among 20 confirmed cases of monkeypox in the UK.

A rare viral infection that people usually pick up in the tropics of West and Central Africa can be transmitted through close contact with an infected person.

Monkeypox is usually mild, with most patients recovering within a few weeks without treatment.

However, the disease can be fatal as the strain causing the current outbreak kills one in every 100 infected.

The country’s top disease experts have warned that monkeypox will likely fill the void left by smallpox three years ago, it seems. Pictured: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

According to the Sunday Telegraph, experts attended a symposium in London in 2019 and discussed how there was a need to develop a ‘new generation of vaccines and treatments’.

The symposium heard that with the eradication of smallpox in 1980, smallpox vaccination was discontinued, and as a result, up to 70 percent of the world’s population was no longer protected against smallpox.

This also means that they are no longer protected against other viruses in the same family as monkeypox.

Scientists point to an outbreak of monkeypox as recently as 2003 and as recently as 2018 and 2019 as evidence of a resurgence of monkeypox.

Their discussion was published in Vaccine in 2020 and concluded that “these facts invite speculation that the emergence or re-emergence of monkeypox may fill the epidemiological stature vacated by smallpox.”

The outbreak of monkeypox in Britain continued to rise with cases doubling Friday night, while the World Health Organization said it expected to identify more cases of monkeypox as surveillance expanded in countries where the disease is not usually found.

Monkeypox is a rare viral infection that causes an unusual rash or lesions (appearing in a prospectus provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States

Nurses and doctors are advised to stay

Doctors are advised to stay “alert” for patients with rashes or scabies lesions

Yesterday, Sajid Javid revealed that 11 more Britons had contracted the virus, bringing the total number to 20.

The Minister for Health said: ‘The UK Health Services Agency (UKHSA) has confirmed 11 new cases of monkeypox in the UK. This morning I briefed G7 health ministers on what we know so far.

“Most cases are mild, and I can confirm that we have purchased additional doses of effective monkeypox vaccines.”

No details about the 11 new patients have been released so far.

But six of the nine previously confirmed cases were of men who had sex with men – which officials say is “strongly suggestive of their prevalence in sexual networks”.

According to the Sunday Telegraph, a young child is among the 20 patients currently being treated in the UK.

The newspaper reported that the child is currently being treated in intensive care in a London hospital.

Yesterday, a prominent British doctor predicted a “remarkable rise” in monkeypox cases in the UK in the next few weeks, as the country recorded 20 cases – and more than 100 in Europe.

The disease, first discovered in monkeys, can be transmitted from person to person through close physical contact — as well as sexual contact — and is caused by the monkeypox virus.

Dr Claire Deusnap, chair of the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV, is concerned about the rate of spread of the virus.

She told Sky News she expected a “significant” rise in infections next week.

“What worries me most is that there are infections all over Europe, so this has really spread,” she said. “It’s already spreading in the general population … it could be a really large number over the next two or three weeks.”

She also warned that the virus could have a “tremendous impact” on access to sexual health services in Britain.

The UK’s Health Security Agency said a significant proportion of recent cases in Britain and Europe have been found in gay and bisexual men.

The virus is more common in West and Central Africa, but the number of confirmed cases in Britain has reached 20, and nine other countries including Spain, Portugal and Canada have also reported outbreaks.

Meanwhile, Professor Sir Peter Horby, director of the University of Oxford’s Institute of Epidemiology, described the current outbreak of monkeypox as an ‘extraordinary case’, because the virus is transmitted within communities outside Central and West Africa.

Sir Peter told BBC Radio 4 on Saturday: ‘It is transmitted by direct contact between people and, in the past, we have not seen that it is highly contagious.

What’s unusual about what we’re seeing now is that we’re seeing community transmission happening in Europe and now in other countries, so it’s an unusual situation where we seem to have been exposed to the virus but we now have continuous transmission within certain limits. Communities.’

What is Monkey Box?

Monkeypox — often caught by handling monkeys — is a rare viral disease that kills about 10 percent of the people it infects, according to figures.

The virus responsible for the disease is found mainly in the tropics of West and Central Africa.

Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958, with the first human case reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970. Human cases of infection were first reported in the United States in 2003 and the United Kingdom in September 2018.

It is found in wild animals but humans can contract it through direct contact with animals, such as handling monkeys, or eating inadequately cooked meat.

The virus can enter the body through broken skin, respiratory tract, eyes, nose, or mouth.

It can be transmitted between humans through droplets in the air, touching the skin of an infected person, or touching objects contaminated with it.

Symptoms usually appear within five and 21 days of infection. These include fever, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and fatigue.

The most obvious symptom is a rash that usually appears on the face before spreading to other parts of the body. This then leads to the formation of skin lesions that peel and fall off.

Monkeypox is usually mild, with most patients recovering within a few weeks without treatment. However, the disease can often be fatal.

There are no specific treatments or vaccines available for monkeypox infection, according to the World Health Organization.

He added: ‘It appears that there are some elements of sexual transmission perhaps just by close contact between people and skin lesions, because a large proportion of current cases are detected in gay and bisexual men.

So it is very important that we send the message that if people have unusual skin lesions, they seek attention quickly so we can get it under control.

“The important thing is that we are interrupting transmission and that has not been demonstrated in humans in Europe.”

Monkeypox is usually a mild infection, with symptoms including fever, headache, and a characteristic bumpy rash.

In Britain, authorities are providing the smallpox vaccine to health care workers and others who may have been exposed to it.

Spanish Health Minister Carolina Daria told reporters on Friday that Spain is evaluating various treatment options, such as antiviral drugs and vaccines, but so far all cases have mild symptoms, and therefore no special treatment was needed.

And the Health Authority said, that the Portuguese cases are still under clinical follow-up, but none of them have been transferred to the hospital because they are all stable.

Portugal has 14 confirmed cases and 20 suspected infections. Across the Atlantic, there are two confirmed cases in Canada, with 20 suspected.

There are also cases in Italy, Sweden, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Israel and Australia.

The World Health Organization has said it expects to identify more cases of monkeypox as it expands surveillance in countries where the disease is not usually found.

As of Saturday, 92 confirmed cases and 28 suspected monkeypox cases have been reported from 12 non-endemic member states, the UN agency said, adding that it will provide more guidance and recommendations in the coming days to countries on how to mitigate. Spread of monkeypox.

The agency added, “The available information indicates that transmission of infection from one person to another occurs between people who are in close physical contact with cases who show symptoms.”

“What appears to be happening now is that it has reached the population as a sexual form, as a genital form, and is spreading like an STD, amplifying its transmission worldwide,” said David Heymann, a WHO official. Contagion to Reuters.

Close contact is the main route of transmission, he said, because the typical lesions of the disease are highly contagious. For example, parents who take care of sick children are at risk, as are health workers, which is why some countries have begun vaccinating treatment teams for monkeypox patients with smallpox vaccines, a related virus.

Several current cases have been identified in sexual health clinics.

Early genetic sequencing of a few cases in Europe suggests similarities to the strain that spread in a limited manner in Britain, Israel and Singapore in 2018.

Heyman said it was “biologically plausible” that the virus was spreading outside of countries where the virus is endemic, but that it has not led to a major outbreak as a result of COVID-19 lockdowns, social distancing and travel restrictions.

He stressed that the outbreak of monkeypox is not like the early days of the Covid-19 epidemic because it is not easily transmitted.

He said those who suspect they may have been exposed, or who are showing symptoms including rash and fever, should avoid close contact with others.

“There are vaccines available, but the most important message is that you can protect yourself,” he added. (Reporting by Jennifer Rigby and Akanksha Khushi; Editing by Praveen Shar and David Gregorio)

2022-05-22 00:59:30

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