5 Easy Ways to Minimize Pores on Your Face, According to Skin

5 Easy Ways to Minimize Pores on Your Face, According to Skin

The beauty industry is home to a plethora of buzzwords and myths, and one big misconception is that with the right product or regimen you can “shrink” your pores. Many of the products on skincare shelves claim to do just that — but it’s actually not possible. As board-certified dermatologist Dr. Jenny Liu explains, pores are “firm structures.” However, if you’re someone who cares about pores that look larger than you’d like, there’s hope. While the pore size is not technically It fluctuates, there are a number of products you can access and habits you can adopt that will reduce appearance from the pores.

Pores play an important role in general skin processes, btw. Those tiny holes covering your skin work to allow sweat and oil to escape, keeping you cool and your skin healthy. Liu points out that the size of those pores is determined by a number of factors, including genetics, age and environmental factors such as sun exposure. “Pores are not dynamic, and therefore don’t open or close,” says Sabek. However, hmm Could you They become clogged with oil, dirt, debris, or dead skin cells – this makes them appear larger. Leo explains that minimizing their looks is about keeping them visible so they can function as they are supposed to. “There are ways to reduce congestion and thus reduce the appearance of pores — but not the physical size —,” she says.

Notably, pore size can be reduced through in-clinic skin resurfacing procedures such as laser therapy or microneedling, which are typically used to treat pores enlarged due to aging skin, explains Liu. But when it comes to topical treatments at home, the best way to make pores less visible is to choose products that protect the skin from sun damage and unclog pores. Keep reading to find out what beauty habits and ingredients Liu and other dermatologists say will help you refine and reduce the appearance of pores.

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How to reduce the appearance of pores

1. Wear sunscreen

Another reason to wear sunscreen regularly: As dermatologist Dr. Chris Thomasian says, “Chronic UV damage is associated with enlarged pores.” In fact, prolonged exposure to the sun’s UV rays can dry out the skin and lead to a decrease in collagen and elastin, causing the skin to sag and dilate the pore openings. According to Tomassian, consistently applying broad-spectrum SPF 30 or more during the day will help slow the skin-aging process, which can lead to enlarged pores over time. As for whether to opt for a mineral or chemical sunscreen, note that chemical sunscreens can sometimes clog pores—so if seeing pores is a major concern, you may want to opt for a mineral option.

2. Use retinol

Pores can get congested with a buildup of dead skin cells, and this makes them appear larger—which is why you should incorporate retinol into your skincare routine to boost cell turnover. “Retinol speeds up skin cell turnover which prevents sticking of skin cells that can build up and widen pores,” Thomasian explains. “It also helps increase collagen production to further support the structure of the pores.” He recommends using retinol three to five times a week for best results.

Retinoids are another option: They are stronger than retinol but are often available on prescription. You can keep an eye out for products that contain adapalene, the only retinoid currently available over the counter. “This helps fight acne, unclog pores, and increase cell turnover—all things we want and need to minimize the appearance of pores,” explains board-certified dermatologist Dr. Lindsey Zupretsky, MD.

3. Peel regularly

Chemical exfoliators can also help reduce pore size. Alpha and beta hydroxy acids are also great options for clearing clogged pores, Zubritsky tells Bustle. Similar to retinol, both acids help untie the bonds between skin cells and speed up cell turnover. Thomasian is a fan of salicylic acid in particular. Because it’s oil-soluble, “it can penetrate the pores and help break up the oil and skin cells in the pores,” he explains. Other chemical exfoliants to look for include glycolic acid, lactic acid, and citric acid. Pro tip: To avoid skin irritation, Thomasian recommends not using an exfoliating acid and retinol on the same night.

4. Use mud masks

Thomasian explains that clay masks can be a gentle way to absorb excess oil from the skin and unclog pores. Charcoal is another option, as it has similar magnetic properties. Face masks of both types stick to dirt, oil, and debris, and the sticky substance comes out of the pores, making them appear smaller. Specifically, bentonite clay is especially popular because of its moderation, and red clay is packed with iron, which makes it great for oily types and acne-prone skin. Using once or twice a week may be helpful in your quest for less visible pores.

5. Slide on Niacinamide

Liu and Tomassian recommend incorporating niacinamide (a vitamin B3 derivative) into your skincare regimen since it has the ability to reduce oil production, aka one of the main causes of clogged enlarged pores. Niacinamide is also an anti-inflammatory, so it helps combat the skin’s response to internal and external stresses that can lead to premature aging — and larger pores, too. The good thing about this ingredient is that it is very gentle, so all skin types can benefit from it.

Experts:

Dr. Jenny Liu, MD, A board certified dermatologist based in Minneapolis, MN

Dr. Chris Thomasian, MD, a dermatologist in Kansas City, KS

Dr. Lindsey Zupretsky, MD, Pittsburgh, PA, board-certified dermatologist

Referred studies:

Amaro Ortiz, A.; (2014). UV radiation, aging and the skin: damage prevention by topical cAMP manipulation. Molecules. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4344124/

Bissett, D. et al (2006). Niacinamide: Vitamin AB that improves the appearance of facial skin with age. Dermatological surgery. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1524-4725.2005.31732

Lee, W. H.; (2017). Stable topical retinol treatment stimulates the expression of HAS genes and HA production in human skin in vitro and in vivo. Arch Dermatol Res. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28247017/

Mousavi, M.; (2017). Bentonite clay as a natural remedy: a brief review. Iranian Journal of Public Health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5632318/

Roh, M.; (2006). The production of sebum as a factor that contributes to the size of the pores of the face. Br J Dermatol. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17034515/



2022-05-18 14:52:40

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