Understanding osteoporosis in children

Understanding osteoporosis in children

Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the bones and occurs most commonly in the elderly, but young adults can also develop it. Doctors usually divide osteoporosis into two categories: idiopathic (unknown cause) and secondary (caused by a known condition).

Secondary osteoporosis in young adults often results from poor nutrition, or not getting enough nutrients in your diet. It is also associated with chronic health conditions including asthma, diabetes and epilepsy.

Identifying and treating osteoporosis in children is important to helping young people’s bones develop properly. We’ll take an overview of the possible causes and risk factors for this type of osteoporosis, and how the treatment works.

Healthy bones are able to withstand shock, bear weight, and be flexible. Osteoporosis affects the density and mass of a person’s bones, making them weaker and more susceptible to fractures.

Osteoporosis is generally called the “silent disease,” because many people don’t know they have it until they break a bone. more Shared sites For osteoporotic fractures are the hips, spine and wrists. In younger people, this can include the ankles and the bones of the arms and legs.

While the bone formation of the adult skeleton is complete around the age of 25Your body is constantly building and breaking bones.

Osteoporosis is rare in children. That’s because childhood and adolescence is when bones grow at their strongest. But because young bones are still developing, osteoporosis can present differently than it does in adults. If juvenile osteoporosis is not treated, it not only causes pain and injury, but also has serious effects on the physical development of young adults.

Osteoporosis in children is usually divided into one of two categories based on whether or not its cause can be determined. A 2022 study of 960 young adults with osteoporosis found that 95.3 percent had secondary osteoporosis, while 4.7 percent had idiopathic osteoporosis.

Let’s take an overview of how this classification works.

Secondary osteoporosis is the result of another medical condition or behavior that causes the bones to weaken.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), medical conditions that can cause secondary osteoporosis include, among others:

Medications that can cause secondary osteoporosis include:

In general, risk factors that can contribute to secondary osteoporosis in children include:

  • Malnutrition
  • thinness
  • Anemia (low red blood cell count).
  • Having another chronic health condition (particularly asthma, diabetes, or epilepsy)
  • delayed puberty

Ideally, addressing the underlying cause of secondary osteoporosis can help a young person build stronger bones.

Infantile idiopathic osteoporosis (IJO) occurs when a young person has osteoporosis, but doctors cannot determine the underlying cause. In most children with this condition, the onset of the disease is around the age of seven. However, infants and teens can also have idiopathic osteoporosis.

In most cases, IJO initially causes symptoms in children that include pain in the lower back, hips, and feet. Children may start to have problems walking or even broken bones or bones. IJO operations usually result in Metaphysical and vertebral fractures. Metaphysis injuries occur in the developing plates at the end of the long bones. Spinal fractures affect the joints of the spine.

Some people with IJO may experience changes in their physical appearance, such as a curved spine or a sunken chest. It is unclear whether the IJO directly causes these conditions.

Diagnosing juvenile arthritis involves taking a medical history and listening to the history of children’s symptoms. Often, these descriptions may come from a caregiver who has noticed changes in the child.

In addition to symptom considerations, the health care professional may also recommend imaging studies to determine how significant the bone loss may be in a young person.

Diagnostic imaging modalities for osteoporosis are:

These tests are usually more effective than X-rays in helping a doctor determine bone loss. They are all painless and do not involve invasive techniques.

The doctor may do other tests, such as a blood test, to rule out other possible causes. These include Osteogenesis imperfecta, rickets, Wilson’s disease or celiac disease.

If secondary osteoporosis occurs, the doctor will consider how to treat or modify treatments to reduce bone loss in the young person.

There are also lifestyle changes that can help a young person strengthen their bones and prevent injuries caused by osteoporosis. These include:

  • Go to physical therapy to strengthen muscles and increase flexibility
  • Using assistive devices, such as crutches, to enhance movement
  • Increase your calcium and vitamin D intake to build stronger bones
  • Maintain a healthy weight, as being underweight is a risk factor

Sometimes, a doctor may prescribe medications that are commonly used to treat osteoporosis in adults. known as BisphosphonatesThese medications help reduce the rate of bone fracture. However, doctors have not adequately studied these drugs as a treatment for osteoporosis in children.

Osteoporosis in children is rare, which makes studying it (with large groups of participants) more difficult.

Bones develop at a young age and typically reach a peak in mass or strength around age 18 in females and 20 in males. Building strong bone mass at an early age is important to ensuring that a young person has healthy bone tissue for life.

Get enough nutrients

Preventive methods include ensuring that the child consumes enough calcium-containing foods. According to the National Institutes of Health, here is the ideal calcium intake for young adults:

Dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese contain calcium. However, there are also non-dairy options for calcium intake.

Calcium-rich foods include:

  • Sardines (canned in oil with bones)
  • Tofu, solid, with added calcium
  • Calcium-fortified orange juice
  • Calcium-fortified cereal
  • turnip greens
  • cabbage
  • tortilla
  • Broccoli

You may also want to talk to your doctor about Whether your child should take calcium Or a vitamin D supplement to build and maintain healthy bones.

being active

Engaging in regular weight-bearing activity also helps children build healthy bones. Bone-building exercises can include walking, hiking, weightlifting, and dancing. (On the other hand, swimming or cycling are not weight-bearing exercises.)

Children’s physical activity does not necessarily have to be organized around a game or sport, and it can look like walking or playing on a playground.

The World Health Organization recommends the following: Exercise Instructions By age groups:

Childhood osteoporosis is a rare condition that affects children and teens and causes bone loss, increasing the chances of fractures. It can lead to pain and affect the skeletal development of young men, sometimes resulting in long-term skeletal disorders.

This type of osteoporosis is classified as “secondary” as a result of another health condition or medication, or “idiopathic” meaning an unknown cause. Prevention often consists of getting good nutrition, getting enough physical activity, and managing other health conditions. Treatment can include physical therapy, medications, and nutritional supplements.

Receiving a timely diagnosis can help a child begin a plan of care to strengthen their bones and prevent fractures. If your child has certain risk factors for childhood osteoporosis, or is showing symptoms, consider making an appointment for a screening.

2022-05-05 21:04:01

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