Chandigarh May 24
Amid growing fears of monkeypox spreading around the world, PGI has been asked to “watch” such cases.
Monkeypox has not been reported from India, but with the discovery of new cases in different countries, the chances of the disease spreading to India cannot be ruled out. The cases reported worldwide are due to local transmission and also due to travel to African countries.
As a proactive approach, the National Center for Disease Control (NCDC), the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has identified several public health measures that must be initiated if suspected cases are reported from India.
An NCDC advisory asked public health authorities to increase the suspicion of people with an otherwise unexplained rash and those who had traveled in the past 21 days to a country that had recently reported confirmed or suspected cases. Recently, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Foundation designated a 20-bed ward to isolate monkeypox cases.
Dr. Vivek Lal, Director of PGI, said, “We will follow the advice of the Government of India in this regard with regard to booking exclusive beds for the disease. So far, we have been asked to keep a close eye through surveillance.”
Laboratory samples of suspected monkeypox virus cases consisting of fluids from blood, vesicles and blood should be sent to the National Institute of Virology, Pune.
Dr. Arunaluk Chakraborty, former Head of Microbiology, PGI, said, “You don’t have to worry about monkeypox because it is a self-limiting disease, but what we need to focus on is educating clinicians about disease monitoring. It’s been 50 years since smallpox has been treated as a disease Doctors do not have direct experience with it.Monkeypox is similar to smallpox, but is less contagious because the virus is still trying to adapt to the human body slowly.The higher temperature allows the virus to adapt to a higher temperature and we may observe such outbreaks in the future involving humans.Method With which people travel and maintain close contact, the spread of the disease to India cannot be ruled out.”
“We should be able to provide proper training to doctors who will follow up on such cases and there is no need to spread panic among the public,” Dr. Chakraborty said.
Human-to-human transmission is thought to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets that generally require close, long-term contact. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or pest material, and indirect contact with pest material, such as contaminated clothing or linens of an infected person.
The clinical presentation of monkeypox is similar to that of smallpox, an orthopoxvirus-related infection declared worldwide eradication in 1980. Monkeypox is less contagious than smallpox and causes less serious disease.
Yashpal Garg, Utah’s health secretary, said the administration will take appropriate action at the appropriate time. So far, Garg said, there was nothing to worry about.
about the disease
Monkeypox is a zoonotic viral disease that occurs primarily in the tropical rainforest regions of Central and West Africa and is sometimes exported to other regions.
fever | rash | swollen lymph nodes It may lead to a range of medical complications
- Symptoms last from two to four weeks. Severe cases can occur. Case fatality rate may vary from 1-10%
- The incubation period is usually seven to 14 days, but it can range from five to 21 days and a person is usually not contagious during this period.
- An infected person may pass the disease one to two days before the rash appears and remain contagious until all the crusts have fallen off.
We will collect samples and send them to National Institute of Virology, Pune, if there are suspected cases – Professor Mini B Singh, Department of Virology, PGI