Great, now we have to worry about monkeypox?

Great, now we have to worry about monkeypox?

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Smallpox is the only disease that we have been able to completely eradicate in humans. It has not been around anywhere in the world since 1980. But its close relative, monkeypox, is still around. Monkeypox is nowhere near as dangerous as smallpox, but a few recent outbreaks have alarmed public health officials.

In recent weeks, there has been 23 suspected cases in SpainAll are in or near Madrid. There are 15 suspected cases and five confirmed cases in Portugal, seven in the United Kingdom and two cropped up onay in the United States. The United States CDC is concerned.

That’s because monkeypox is rare outside of the tropical rainforest regions of Africa. But patterns of recent cases indicate that the virus is more transmissible than in disease outbreaks in the past. For example, UK cases include two groups of people who have not been in contact with each other, and only one group includes a person who has recently traveled to an area with endemic monkeypox. It’s too early to say if there’s a potential for a pandemic here, but the pattern is emerging Some red flags that worry health officials.

How bad is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is not as deadly as smallpox, but it is still dangerous. Mortality rates range from 0% to 11%, According to the World Health Organization. The better medical care you have access to, the better your chances of recovery.

Monkeypox particularly affects children. People over 50 years old or so Less likely to get it, because they They survived the smallpox eradication campaign. The smallpox vaccine has been popular for decades; If you are young enough to not have a smallpox vaccine scar on your arm, your father or grandfather likely has it.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox disease?

With an incubation period of 5 to 21 days, you won’t know if you’ve been infected right away. Once symptoms start, there is an ‘invasive phase,’“permanent About the first five days, when you may experience fever, muscle aches, fatigue, severe headaches, and swollen lymph nodes. Swollen lymph nodes are one big difference between monkeypox and other infections such as chickenpox.

Next comes the rash: You’ll get small lesions that start flat and then rise with fluid and then pus inside. They appear most often on the face (in 95% of cases), the palms of the hands and soles of the feet (in 75% of cases). Other similar diseases usually do not have lesions on the palms of the hands; This is specific to monkeypox.

In total, the disease lasts from two to four weeks, and then gets better.

Is there a cure or vaccine for monkeypox?

There is no specific treatment or medication for a person with monkeypox. treatment or treatment It is “supportive care” that may include things like keeping skin lesions clean, making sure airways are clean, and giving medications to deal with fevers and secondary infections.

Here’s the good news: we Act Vaccine. The smallpox vaccine, which is still available, appears to be effective against monkeypox.

How is monkeypox transmitted?

First, a fun fact: INot usually from monkeys. Monkeypox gets its name from an outbreak that occurred in monkeys, but scientists aren’t sure which animal or animals are most common. virus bearing. Rodents are likely to be involved, and primates such as monkeys and humans are susceptible.

According to the World Health Organization, the virus is transmitted through “contact with pests, body fluids and respiratory droplets, and contaminated items such as bedding.” There is some suspicion that one of the clusters of cases in the UK may be due to sexual transmission.

The virus usually does not transmit well from person to person; WHO reports that the longest identification transmission chain Six people participated. But if recent outbreaks are more transmissible than before, that could change. Masks may help, because respiratory droplets are one method of transmission (and unlike COVID, monkeypox is Thought it only spreads by big drops, not an aerosol).

2022-05-18 21:30:00

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