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COVID-19 increases risk of psychiatric diagnoses in months following infection – Neuroscience News

Summary: Those infected with COVID-19 have a 25% risk of developing a mental disorder in the four months after becoming ill. The association was higher for anxiety disorders.

source: Oregon State University

A recent study by Oregon State University found that COVID-19 patients had a nearly 25% increased risk of developing a mental disorder in the four months following infection, compared to people with other types of respiratory infections.

The findings support previous research on mental disorders among post-COVID patients, although the current study found a lower effect than previous studies, said co-author Lauren Chan, PhD. A student in nutrition at The Ohio State University College of Public Health and Human Sciences.

For the current study published in psychiatrist, The researchers used data from the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) to match 46,610 COVID-19-positive individuals with control patients diagnosed with various respiratory infections so that they could specifically compare how COVID affects patients’ mental health.

They looked at the rate of psychiatric diagnoses for two time periods: 21 to 120 days after patients were diagnosed with COVID, and 120 to 365 days after diagnosis, restricted to patients without prior mental illness.

Researchers found that COVID patients had a 3.8% rate of developing a psychiatric disorder compared to 3.0% for other respiratory infections. A difference of 0.8% amounts to a 25% relative risk increase.

They looked specifically at anxiety disorders and mood disorders and found a small but significant increase in the risk of developing anxiety disorders and no change in the risk of developing mood disorders.

Chan said the large sample size and the fact that this data set is from across the United States gave researchers a unique window into post-COVID side effects.

She said the findings speak to the need for both patients and health care providers to be more proactive when it comes to addressing mental health concerns after contracting the COVID virus.

“For people who have had COVID, if you are concerned, if you see some changes in the way you live from a psychological point of view, it is entirely appropriate to seek some help,” Chan said. “And if you’re a caregiver, you have to be on the proactive side and start checking out those psychiatric conditions and then follow up with those patients.”

When patients leave the doctor’s office, care sometimes stops there, but Chan recommended providers consider calling in two weeks to make a check-in.

Researchers found that COVID patients had a 3.8% rate of developing a psychiatric disorder compared to 3.0% for other respiratory infections. A difference of 0.8% amounts to a 25% relative risk increase. The image is in the public domain

“There can definitely be people who are experiencing new things like this, and they need that extra support or pressure to ask for some help,” she said. “I don’t want to say that everyone who gets COVID will have this kind of problem, but if you start to worry about yourself or a loved one, that is unheard of. You should definitely seek care for yourself or others around you.”

In the larger context of COVID and health care in the United States, Chan said, any increase in the number of people seeking care, especially psychiatric care, would add more stress to an already stretched system.

“We’ve already had difficulties trying to locate a professional to work with, and we will continue to have difficulties getting the care they need,” she said. “If we see this kind of increase in psychiatric conditions after COVID, and people are learning about it and trying to seek care, that raises some concern.”

see also

This characteristic dorsolateral gyrus is present in the brain

Study lead author Ben Coleman of the Jackson Laboratory of Genomic Medicine is already working on a follow-up paper that seeks to assess the relationship between prolonged COVID symptoms and new mental illness.

About COVD-19 and mental health research news

author: Molly Rosbach
source: Oregon State University
Contact: Molly Rosbach – Oregon State University
picture: The image is in the public domain

original search: open access.
“Risk of emergence of new psychological sequelae of COVID-19 in the early and late post-acute phase” by Lauren Chan et al. world of psychiatry


Summary

Risk of new psychiatric sequelae of COVID-19 in the early and late postacute phase

Recent publications have documented that a proportion of COVID-19 patients develop psychiatric symptoms during or after acute infection.

We investigated this risk in the context of the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) – a central, consistent, high-resolution Electronic Health Record (EHR) repository – using the largest retrospective collection reported to date.

2022-06-06 22:25:05

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