Having type 2 diabetes in middle age can mean you are up to four times more likely to develop dementia

Having type 2 diabetes in middle age can make you four times more likely to develop dementia

Having type 2 diabetes in middle age can mean you are four times more likely to develop dementia.

Diabetes is linked to dementia, which experts suspect can lead to a buildup of potentially harmful proteins in the brain.

Researchers studied nearly 5,000 people who were tracked over a decade to see if they developed dementia.

They found that 55-year-olds who had diabetes had four times the risk of developing dementia in the decade after they reached 65.

Most will have type 2 diabetes, which is associated with an unhealthy diet and being overweight.

Diabetes and high blood pressure were the highest risk of dementia in people aged 55 years.

For those aged 65 years, having cardiovascular disease, such as a previous heart attack or angina pectoris, was the greatest risk associated with dementia.

People aged 70 or older were most likely to develop dementia if they had previously had a stroke or diabetes.

Having type 2 diabetes in middle age can mean you are up to four times more likely to develop dementia

Professor Emyr McGrath, who led the study from the National University of Ireland in Galway, said: ‘This shows that people with diabetes in their 50s are more likely to develop dementia – possibly because developing the condition at a younger age can do more damage. Your body and your mind.

It matters because these people are at four times the risk of developing dementia per decade after most people enter retirement.

“No one wants to be diagnosed with a condition like Alzheimer’s when they retire, stop working, and want to start enjoying their life without worry.”

More than 325,000 people live with dementia in England – but it hasn’t been diagnosed

A study showed that more than 325,000 people in England had dementia but it had not yet been diagnosed.

Diagnosis rates have fallen below the government’s target by two-thirds since the pandemic began.

The report found that there is a ZIP code lottery in terms of who gets diagnosed, with percentages ranging from 83 percent to less than 50 percent.

NHS England set an aspiration in 2013 for two-thirds of people with dementia in England to get a diagnosis and follow-up support.

NHS Digital said the rate fell from 68 per cent in February 2020 to 62 per cent in March.

The consultancy Future Health said the data suggested more than 325,000 people in England may have undiagnosed dementia.

The report stated that from 2020 to 2021, 430,000 people had an official diagnosis but about four out of 10 people with dementia did not.

It found that the Midlands had the highest incidence of undiagnosed dementia, while London and the North West had the lowest.

But the analysis also revealed regional differences. In Stoke-on-Trent, the diagnosis rate is 83 percent, compared to 48 percent in neighboring Stafford.

It is estimated that around 676,000 people in England and 850,000 across the UK have dementia.

NHS Digital figures compare the number of people who are thought to have dementia with the number of people who have it.

The study, published in the journal Neurology, shows how factors that may lead to dementia change at different ages.

The researchers studied middle-aged people aged 55, those aged 65 and 70, and older adults, aged 75 to 80.

For each group, they looked at whether people had had a stroke, whether they had heart disease, diabetes, or an irregular heartbeat, and whether they had taken blood pressure pills.

People with diabetes at age 55 were 4.3 times more likely to develop dementia per decade after they were 65.

But those who developed diabetes at age 65 were twice as likely to develop dementia in the next decade.

This suggests that it is worse for the brain to develop this condition from a younger age.

For people aged 65 years, the risk of developing dementia was strongly related to whether the person had cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or angina, which may also affect the brain.

At age 55, diabetes and systolic blood pressure were more significant, with each ten-point increase in a person’s higher blood pressure number — which indicates the force with which the heart pumps blood throughout the body — linked to a 12 percent higher risk of dementia. .

Diabetes and a history of stroke, which more than tripled the risk of dementia in people aged 70 years, were more significant for those aged 70 to 75 years.

At age 80, the biggest factors associated with dementia risk were diabetes, which is linked to a 40 percent increased likelihood of developing dementia, as well as having a stroke and whether they were taking blood pressure tablets.

These pills may help the brain by keeping blood pressure and blood flow under control, but only for some people.

The study, published in the journal Neurology, looked at people from the United States and took their age and gender into account when determining dementia risk.

Dr Rosa Sancho, Head of Research at Alzheimer’s Research UK, said: ‘The findings of this study confirm existing research, which links vascular risk factors, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, with an increased risk of dementia later in life.

We know that poor blood vessel health can increase the chances of developing microvascular disease and other conditions that affect blood flow in the brain, damaging brain cells irreversibly.

Studies like this are useful for highlighting the links, but we need to understand more about why and how these conditions affect dementia risk.

With this knowledge, researchers can design treatments and preventive strategies to benefit people midway through their lives — a critical time period for decreasing their risk of developing dementia.

2022-05-18 20:00:46

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