US CDC travel advisory on monkeypox: 'Practice improved precautions'

US CDC travel advisory on monkeypox: ‘Practice improved precautions’

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is giving “alert – Level 2” advice to travelers to “practice enhanced precautions” due to the spread of monkeypox, a rare disease that is a cousin of smallpox.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said in its advisory that “the risk to the general public is low, but you should seek medical attention immediately if you develop a new, unexplained rash (lesions on any part of the body), with or without fever and chills.”

The CDC has three types of levels it may issue as cases have been reported in dozens of destinations. The levels are:

  • Watch – Level 1: Practice the usual precautions

  • CAUTION – Level 2: Practice Enhanced Precautions

  • Warning – Level 3: Avoid non-essential travel

On its website, the CDC has not implemented levels for specific destinations, as is the case with COVID-19.

Level 2 Precautions

The CDC makes the following recommendations for travelers because we are at Level 2:

  • Avoid close contact with patients, including those with skin or genital lesions.

  • Avoid contact with dead or live wild animals. This includes rodents such as mice and squirrels, and non-human primates such as primates and monkeys.

  • Avoid eating or preparing meat from wild game or using products derived from wild animals from Africa such as creams, lotions and powders.

  • Avoid contact with contaminated materials used by patients such as clothing, bedding, materials used in health care settings, or materials that have come into contact with infected animals.

Where has MONKEYPOX been reported?

Confirmed cases of monkeypox are usually associated with tropical Africa, and are now global. The CDC says cases have been reported in Europe, North America, South America, North Africa, the Middle East and Australia.

Here is the CDC’s list of destinations with confirmed cases as of June 6:

  • Argentina

  • Australia

  • Austria

  • Belgium

  • Canada

  • Czech Republic

  • Denmark

  • England

  • Finland

  • France

  • Germany

  • Tarek mountain

  • Hungary

  • Ireland

  • Israel

  • Italia

  • Latvia

  • Malta

  • Mexico

  • Morocco

  • Holland

  • northern Ireland

  • Norway

  • Portugal

  • Scotland

  • Slovenia

  • Spain

  • Sweden

  • Switzerland

  • The United Arab Emirates

  • United State

  • Wales

The United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland), Spain and Portugal have so far reported the most cases, each with more than 100 cases recorded as of June 6. All other destinations have reported fewer than 100 cases as of June 6. Click here to view the CDC’s current global outbreak map.

Symptoms of Monkey Box

The CDC said there is an incubation period of seven to 14 days. Initial symptoms are usually flu-like, such as fever, chills, fatigue, headache, and muscle weakness, followed by swollen lymph nodes, which help the body fight infection and disease.

“The characteristic that distinguishes monkeypox from that of smallpox is the development of enlarged lymph nodes,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said.

Next comes a widespread rash on the face and body, including the inside of the mouth and on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. It can also spread to the genital areas.

Painful, raised blisters are pearly and fluid-filled, often surrounded by red circles. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said the lesions eventually peel and disappear within two to three weeks.

What should you do if you get sick

The CDC says to avoid contact with others first. Other tips:

“If possible, call ahead before going to the health care facility. If you are not able to call ahead, tell a staff member as soon as you arrive that you are concerned about monkeypox.”

The CDC says that you should tell your doctor if any of the following were true in the month prior to the development of symptoms:

  • You have been in contact with someone who may have monkeypox.

  • You are a man who has had intimate contact (including sex) with other men.

  • You are in an area where monkeypox has been reported or in an area where monkeypox is more common (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone and Sudan).

If you are sick and could have monkeypox, the CDC says to delay public transportation travel until you have been cleared by a healthcare professional or public health officials.

2022-06-07 16:48:32

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