London The European Union’s Infectious Diseases Agency has recommended that EU member states review the availability of smallpox vaccines in their countries for potential preventive use in the face of the rising rise.cases. On Tuesday, national health authorities in Denmark and France recommended that people who have been directly exposed to a confirmed case of monkeypox be vaccinated, and the NHS made a similar recommendation.
Monkeypox and smallpox are closely related, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that the existing smallpox vaccine is “at least 85% effective in preventing monkeypox.”
Smallpox was eradicated in 1980, but vaccine stocks were kept around the world to protect against a possible re-emergence. There is also a new vaccine against both smallpox and primates, which was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2019.
In a report published on Monday, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said the smallpox vaccine could be considered a preventative, or precautionary measure, for those exposed to monkeypox, but that individual risks and benefits and “important information about the use of currently available smallpox vaccines must be weighed.” missing for groups at increased risk of serious disease.”
The CDC said antiviral drugs could be another potential treatment option for severe cases. He did not recommend universal vaccination of the entire population to prevent the spread of monkeypox, which would require much closer contact for transmission of COVID-19, for example.
“The way smallpox was eradicated was not through universal vaccination, but what we call circular vaccination, where you can identify who has had monkeypox, or in the old days, smallpox, who has been in contact with them, and you vaccinate all these people,” she said. Dr. Celine Gunder, an infectious disease specialist, told CBS News on Tuesday: “We’ve been in contact — not the general public.”
“States should update their contact tracing mechanisms, their diagnostic capacity for orthopoxviruses, and review the availability of smallpox vaccines, antiviral drugs, and personal protective equipment (PPE) for health professionals,” the center said in its report.
Germany has ordered 40,000 doses of the new smallpox vaccine and monkeypox vaccine, according to reports. The country’s government health agency, the Robert Koch Institute, has recommended that people who contract monkeypox and their contacts self-isolate for at least three weeks.
Health Minister Karl Lauterbach said at a news conference on Wednesday that while it was “important to take strict and preventive measures” early on against the spread of infection, German officials did not expect the country’s cluster of confirmed cases to turn into a pandemic. .
This is a “known virus and we know how to combat it,” Lauterbach said.
Cases of monkeypox, which is endemic in parts of central and western Africa but rare in other parts of the world, have been reported.the United Kingdom, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and nine EU member states, including Belgium, Spain, France, Austria, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Sweden and the Netherlands.
The CDC says “monkeypox does not spread easily between people” and that most cases in the current outbreak have had mild symptoms, although there is believed to be a risk of more severe disease in some at-risk groups, including pregnant women. And immunosuppressed and young children.
The European Health Agency said the overall risk to the general population remained “low”, while people with multiple sexual partners were at “moderate”.
The World Health Organization has so far recorded more than 250 suspected and confirmed infections. The majority of cases have been reported in men who have had sex with men, and the World Health Organization has highlightedespecially.
“I think it’s unfortunate, frankly, that we’re seeing the spread of this disease among men who have sex with men,” Gunder told CBS News. “You have to think of these as great social networks…Sexual activity is a form of close contact. It does not mean that this virus is specifically spread through sexual contact, but that you will have close contact if you are sexually active or dancing to the Raves are in very close contact together.”